The 2020 SEP IRA contribution limit is $57,000 and the 2019 SEP IRA contribution limit is $56,000.
S corporation, C corporation or an LLC taxed as a corporation
For incorporated businesses, compensation is based on W-2 income. Annual contributions can be made into a SEP IRA up to 25% of W-2 income.
Sole proprietorship, partnership or an LLC taxed as a sole proprietorship
For those taxed as sole proprietors compensation is based on adjusted earned income. Adjusted earned income is determined by completing an IRS worksheet. SEP IRA contributions of 20% of adjusted earned income can be made annually. In 2020 annual compensation of more than $285,000 cannot be taken into consideration for determining contributions. In 2019 the compensation limit is $280,000.
Contributions to a SEP IRA are generally 100% tax deductible and investment earnings in a SEP IRA grow taxed deferred. Withdrawals after age 59 ½ are taxed as ordinary income. Withdrawals prior to age 59 ½ may incur a 10% IRS penalty as well as income taxes.
A SEP IRA has broad appeal due to its high annual contribution limits, completely discretionary and flexible annual contributions and minimal administration. SEP IRA plans can be established by a one person business or by a business owner with employees.
Most frequently a SEP IRA is established by a business owner with no employees, however, in special situations it may be an ideal retirement plan for a business owner with employees.
SEP IRA Calculator
To determine how much you can contribute to a SEP IRA based on your income use the interactive SEP IRA calculator.